Thursday, March 10, 2011

Pelican Island, March 4, 2011

This is a posting of photos from Pelican Island NWR, that part of the refuge that is on the barrier island, off Jungle Trail, west of SR A1A. The refuge is in Indian River County, just across the southern border of Brevard. The posting is in two parts: Part 1 is plants outside the butterfly garden, and Part 2 is plants in the butterfly garden. The first part includes four plants new to the blog: tabebuia, cranesbill, strangler fig, and buttonwood.

________________________________________

Part 1: Plants Outside the Butterfly Garden
________________________________________



Caribbean trumpet tree (Tabebuia aurea, Bignoniaceae)
Not native

This tree was in the parking lot at Long Point Restaurant, where I stopped on the way to Pelican Island NWR.
________________________________________

Firewheel (Gaillardia pulchella, Asteraceae)
Native

Large patches of firewheel were near the path to the overlook at Pelican Island NWR overlook.
________________________________________

Carolina cranesbill (Geranium carolinianum, Geraniaceae)
Native

A few patches of cranesbill were scattered about.
________________________________________



Virginia pepperweed (Lepidium virginicum, Brassicaceae)
Native
________________________________________

Eastern poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans, Anacardiaceae)
Native
________________________________________



Sand live oak (Quercus geminate, Fagaceae)
Native
________________________________________

Strangler fig (Ficus aurea, Moraceae)
Native

A strangler fig is sometimes difficult to recognize when it's not strangling something. One clue is the yellow midrib on the leathery leaves. Of course, another clue is figs, which indicate at least that the tree belongs to the genus Ficus. Figs are unique in that the flowers form inside the fruit. The flowers are pollinated by tiny wasps.
________________________________________


Yellowjackets

Yellowjackets were working on a paper nest suspended from a branch of a strangler fig tree.
________________________________________



Boardwalk
________________________________________

View from Boardwalk
________________________________________



Buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus, Combretaceae)
Native

A type of mangrove found near brackish water. The fruit resembles buttons and is the origin of the common name.
________________________________________

Hercules-club (Zanthoxylum clava-herculis, Rutaceae)
Native
________________________________________


Pelican Island

The first National Wildlife Refuge, created in 1903 to protect brown pelican nesting grounds.
________________________________________

Part 2: Butterfly Garden

It was raining on and off, which explains the water droplets in some of the photos. In the butterfly garden I found three wildflowers new to this blog: scorpionstail, buttonsage, and Florida pellitory.
________________________________________

Butterfly Garden
________________________________________



Coral honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens, Caprifoliaceae)
Native
________________________________________









Walter's groundcherry (Physalis walteri, Solanaceae)
Native
________________________________________

East coast dune sunflower (Helianthus debilis, Asteraceae)
Native
________________________________________



Tropical sage (Salvia coccinea, Lamiaceae)
Native
________________________________________



Spotted beebalm, horsemint (Monarda punctata, Lamiaceae)
Native
________________________________________



Lyreleaf sage (Salvia lyrata, Lamiaceae)
Native
________________________________________



Scorpionstail (Heliotropium angiospermum, Boraginaceae)
Native
________________________________________



Carolina wild petunia (Ruellia caroliniensis, Acanthaceae)
Native
________________________________________



Oblongleaf twinflower (Dyschoriste oblongifolia, Acanthaceae)
Native

I believe I have correctly identified this flower. It had started raining again, so I didn't have time to poke around to get a good view of the entire plant.
________________________________________




Buttonsage (Lantana involucrata, Verbenaceae)
Native

Three Lantanas can be found in this area. This is the only one of the three that is a native.
________________________________________

Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens, Asteraceae)
Native
________________________________________



Canadian toadflax (Linaria canadensis, Plantaginaceae)
Native
________________________________________

Southern beeblossom (Gaura angustifolia, Onagraceae)
Native
________________________________________



Trailing indigo (Indigofera spicata, Fabaceae)
Not native
________________________________________



Black medick (Medicago lupulina, Fabaceae)
Not native

Left: blossom with yellow inchworm; right: spiral seed pods.
________________________________________



Florida Pellitory (Parietaria floridana, Urticaceae)
Native

I had originally labeled this as an "unidentified weed." However, Suzanne Valencia (who was the creator of the PINWR butterfly garden) came to my rescue on March 22, 2011, and identified this plant, as shown above. She reports that Florida Pellitory is a host plant for the Red Admiral butterfly. Thanks, Suzanne!
________________________________________


No comments:

Post a Comment

Post a Comment